Knock knee (also known as genu valgum or valgus knee deformity) is a condition in which the knees touch while the ankles are apart.
In most cases, knock knee is simply a normal part of growth and development during early childhood (age 3 or 4). Normally, knock knee corrects itself by age 8. Sometimes, however, knock knee continues or develops later in childhood or adolescence.
It’s common for young children have knock knees to some degree. The condition tends to run in families.
Sometimes, knock knees causes can include underlying conditions like:
Some common symptoms and effects of knock knees are:
If left untreated in older children, severe knock knees can lead to early development of pain or arthritis in the knees.
Diagnosing knock knees includes a physical examination and a review of your child’s medical history. The physical exam might include:
If your child’s knock knees are caused by an underlying medical condition, or there are signs knock knees isn’t part of normal development, X-rays can provide a more detailed view of the bones.
Most of the time knock knees correction happens on its own and you will only need to continue observation. In rare cases in which the condition continues after age 8, treatment at Gillette Children’s Specialty Healthcare can include custom braces or surgery:
At Gillette, you’ll work with nationally and internationally recognized leaders in pediatric orthopedics.
If your child has knock knees, we’ll help you coordinate the services and specialties to help your child feel their best. For comprehensive knock knees treatment, your family might work with experts in:
You’ll have a family-centered team that works closely with your primary care providers, teachers, and school or community therapists.