Microcephaly Diagnosis and Treatment
In most cases, microcephaly is present before or at birth. An obstetrician might be able to diagnose congenital microcephaly using a prenatal ultrasound.
When symptoms of microcephaly appear later in infancy or childhood, neurologists at Gillette Children’s Specialty Healthcare might diagnose it by reviewing your child’s medical history, performing a physical exam, and discussing with other specialists.
Additional tests used to diagnose microcephaly might include:
- Measuring the circumference of your child’s head.
- Measuring the circumference of the parents’ heads to determine if small head size runs in the family.
- CT scan of the head.
- MRI scan of the head.
- Lab tests for evidence of past infection or possible genetic causes.
It’s difficult to predict at birth what lifelong issues microcephaly will cause. That’s why babies and children who have microcephaly often need regular checkups with a health care provider.
There’s no cure for microcephaly. However, many symptoms of the condition can be managed with routine care, monitoring and therapies. At Gillette, we focus on developing your child’s abilities and encouraging their independence.
If your child has microcephaly, necessary treatments might include: