What Are Sleep Disorders?
Pediatric sleep disorders alter sleeping habits and change regular sleep patterns. Many sleep disorders can harm physical health and emotional well-being. Children who have a disability or complex medical condition are much more likely to experience sleep problems than typically developing children are.
Sleep disorders can be grouped into three main categories:
Lack of sleep (insomnia)
Excessive sleep (hypersomnia)
Problematic behaviors—such as sleepwalking, snoring or seizures—that occur during sleep (parasomnia)
Up to 30 percent of children and teens may have sleep disorders at some point. For children and teens who have disabilities and complex medical conditions, however, the rate might be even higher. For example, studies indicate that 50 percent of children who have cerebral palsy also have a diagnosable sleep disorder and half of children who have craniofacial conditions also have obstructive sleep apnea.